注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

没有冬天不能逾越

你问我为何时常沉默,有的人无话可说,有的话无人可说

 
 
 

日志

 
 

高考语文古汉语近义词语系统汇总  

2014-07-08 19:03:49|  分类: 古典文化知识 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

高考语文古汉语近义词语系统汇总

广州市第六中学傅聪 

常见的近义字                                  意思
危、董、耿、鲠、廉、謇、端、雅、正、直、谠、耿介     正,正直,纠正,端正
徒、特、顾、唯、惟、但、乃、第、直、止、只,仅       只
典、知、干、秉、莅、掌、董、押、司、提点、知         主管,掌管
比、及、逮、须、俟(sì)、迨(dài)、洎(jì)        等到
皆、悉、咸、举、具、俱、胥(xū)、佥(qiān)         
按、案、履、考、录、鞫、讯、谳(yàn)、廉            审查,审讯,查办
行、披、案、掠、徇、巡、按、巡按、按视               巡视
脱、其、使、向、诚、即、苟、令、今、若               如果
相乘、相属、相续、相仍、相率、相随属                 连续不断,接二连三
弥、艾、已、寝、息、止、止息、戢(jí)               停止
类、伦、辈、属、徒、等、曹、侪(chái)               同类的人
穷、殚、竭、罄、极、尽、胜、屈(jué)                用尽
乌、恶、焉、奚、安、曷、盍、胡、何                   怎么
穷、厄、困、病、蹇(jiǎn)、蹙(cù)                 困窘
乞身、乞骸骨、致事(仕)、还印绶                     告老还乡
让、诮、诮诃(hē)、责、谯(qiáo)                   责备
资、赀、币、贿、赂、货、贽(zhì)                    财产,钱财
官、廨(xiè)、公廨、听事、万事                      官署、办公处
赞、诩、弼、摄、资、辅、佐、助                       辅佐,帮助
其、即、诚、苟、脱、向、使、今                       如果
副、辅、弼、摄、相、赞、佐、资                       帮助
瘳(chōu)、差(chài)、间、愈                       病愈,痊愈
脏污、赃秽、臧罪,贪污、臧污                         贪赃枉法
康义、夷晏、安集、清明、安静                         太平安定
矜、伐、尚、诩、夸、侈(chǐ)                        夸耀
坐、当、论、报、劾、科、具                           定罪,判罪
庸、宁、独、其、顾、讵、岂                           难道
权、假、守、署、摄、领、行                           代理
娴、闲、工、善、擅、习、便                           精通
课、科、考、稽、计、功课                             考核官吏
科、课、课程、收敛(liǎn)                           征税v./税n.:捐
不暇、不及、不遑(huáng)                            没有时间
凶、荒、俭、饥、馑(jǐn)                            荒年
宥(yòu)、贷、贳(shì)                             宽恕
致、馈(kuì)、遗(wéi)                             
工、便、善、闲、娴、擅                               擅长
令、格、科、辟、禁、刑                               法令
焉、然、尔、乎、若、如                               ……的样子
忤、迕、乖、蹇、悖、枉                               违背、不顺。
掾属、掾史、掾吏、掾曹                               属官
窜、徙、谪、流、放、逐                               流放,放逐
愿、幸、庶、冀、唯、惟                               希望
闾里、闾阎、闾巷、草茅                               民间
布衣、白丁、韦带、黔首                               平民百姓
小事、卑鄙、卑微、单微                               地位低下
阅岁、经年、期(jī)年                               一年
绐(dài)、欺、诓、骗                               欺骗
爱、靳(jìn)、吝、惜                               吝惜
是、雅、然、韪(wěi)                               认为……是对的
升、登、乘、陟(zhì)                               登上
顿、踬、蹶、踣(bó)                                跌倒
逆、候、延、迓(yà)                                迎接
二千石(dàn)、府君                                 太守
备、具、约、虞、治                                  准备
兴、起、起家、就官                                  做官
佚(yì)、逸、弛边                                  骑马快速奔赴边关
仓廪、廪、廒(áo)                                  粮仓
絷(zhí)、执、系                                   关押
如何、奈何、若何                                    句首:为什么……呢?
如何、奈何、若何                                    句中:(1)把……怎么办?
如何、奈何、若何                                    句中:(2)如何处置、对待……?
如何、奈何、若何                                    句末:怎么办,怎么样?
车驾、国家、朝廷                                    皇帝
殆、庶、几、庶几                                    差不多
经纶、经营、经理                                    处理
奏、进、奉、呈                                      送献
遂、卒、竟、讫                                      最终
振、赈、恤、周                                      救济
才、器、具、干                                      才华,才干
数、屡、骤、亟                                      多次
胜、堪、克、得                                      能够
充、居、为、历                                      担任
短、谮、毁、诋                                      诋毁,说坏话
间、潜、阴、窃                                      暗中,暗地里
举、辙、浑、悉                                      
益、愈、弥、滋                                      更加
调、移、徙、转                                      调任
易、薄、少、鄙                                      轻视
狴犴、岸狱、禁                                      监狱
常、每、恒、颇                                      常常
无何、亡何、寻                                      不久
奉、呈、奏、进                                      献给、送给
间、隙、郤(xì)                                    隔阂
庵、奄、闇(àn)                                    忽然
市、沽、贾(gǔ)                                    买
构、媒蘖(niè)                                     设计陷害
适、诣、造诣                                        到……去
一切、切、率                                        一律
盖、殆、无虑                                        大概,大约
愿、悫(què)                                       诚实
罢、疲、敝                                          疲惫,不足
乡、乃、使                                          
是、斯、兹                                          
振、摄、赈                                          整治、整顿
淫祀、淫祠                                          过多不合礼法的祭祀。
愆、辜、罪                                          罪过
会、属、适                                          适逢
邀、贾、取                                          求取,希望得到
伐、烈、绪                                          功业,功劳
迄、徂、之                                          
易、薄、少                                          贬低
苟、漫、妄                                          随便
肆、恣、纵                                          放纵
逃、遁、逋                                          逃跑
仗、赖、使托重=持力                              依靠
庸人、众人                                          一般人
除、拜、加                                          授予
诮、讪、讥                                          嘲讽
首、都、元                                          大
明、晰、昭                                          清晰
逸、轶、佚                                          安逸
诸生、儒生                                          落榜生
婴、周、环                                          环绕
丁忧、丁恨                                          遭遇父母丧事
缙绅、搢绅                                          士大夫,高官
巾帼、裙钗                                          妇女
黄冠、黄衣                                          道士
便言、辩言                                          口才好
该详、赅详                                          完备详细
隙、郤(xì)                                        隔阂,仇怨
倜傥、俶傥                                          洒脱不拘束
屏居、幽居                                          隐居
诤、抗言                                            直言
渚、汀洲                                            水中高地、小岛
子,吾子                                            对方尊称
雅、素                                              一向
陵、绝                                              超越
胜、观                                              美好的景致
阿、党                                              偏袒
靡、莫                                              没有人,没有谁
要,邀                                              邀请/半路拦截
属、委、                                            交付,托付
艾、刈、                                            收割
秉、持                                              拿着
间、比                                              近来
敛、殓                                              入殓
荐、飨                                              祭祀
脯、修                                              肉干
谪、遣                                              流放,被贬
曾、乃                                              竟然,却
佚、逸、                                            逃跑
但、顾                                              只是
尚、犹                                              还
将、引                                              率领
委、填                                              堆积
审、知、                                            知道
委、投                                              丢下
孽、裔                                              后代
傲、骜、                                            骄傲
足、可                                              值得
制、禁                                              制服
乡、向                                              方向/对着/过去/向来/如果
陟(zhì)                                           升官
县官                                                朝廷
使君                                                刺史
代归                                                官员替换
自是                                                从此
如是                                                像这样
视事                                                官吏到职开始工作
祖道                                                设宴饯行
移时                                                良久
无乃                                                恐怕
猝                                                  突然
传                                                  驿马
藉                                                  凭借
岂                                                  难道
率                                                  一律
俾                                                  使
因                                                  于是
侔                                                  利息,等同
疾笃、寝疾                                          病重
速、贾                                              招致

  评论这张
 
阅读(81)| 评论(0)
推荐

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017